Proceedings of the 9th Conference on Interdisciplinary Musicology – CIM14. Berlin, Germany 2014 BINAURAL AUDIO RELAXATION TECHNIQUES FOR PEOPLE WITH ANXIETY AND STRESS Geraldine Molina, Emilia Sainz, Levi Serrano, Santiago Rentería, Diana Urquiza Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Santa Fe Correspondence should be addressed to: rosas_ger@hotmail.com, dianauf@itesm.mx    Abstract: Since the beginning of the 21st century,  there has  been a great  development  in  different  studies  related  to  encephalography and the psychological consequences of binaural audio. The objective of  this  paper  is  to  analyze  the  effects  of  binaural  audio  as  a relaxation method for people that suffer anxiety and stress.  The study took place at ITESM, Santa Fe Campus, where twenty participants around 21  years old  took part  of the study. They  were divided  into  two  groups,  Experimental  and  Control.  The first  one listened to the Theta binaural stimuli and the second one listened to a stimulus with nature sounds (birds and wind).  The  results  show  that  the  experimental  group  got  to  conscious relaxation.  The  control  group  had  an  unconscious  relaxation (sleep),  but  when  the  stimuli  stopped  they  recovered  their  stress level, for some participants it increased.  1. BACKGROUND At  the  end  of  the  19th  century,  Pierre  Janet,  a  French psychologist,  discovered  that  his  patients  relaxed  when  they were exposed to rhythmic light patterns. Hans Berger showed in 1924  that  brainwaves  could  be  read  and  studied  through  an encephalogram  [2].  The  first  studies  were  done  using  visual stimuli, while later studies were done using sounds [3].  Brainwaves  are  caused  by  changes  in  the  electric  tension between  two  points  in  the  brain  cortex.  The electroencephalogram  has  been  used  to  analyze neurophysiological  relations  that  exist  between  mental  states and  brainwave  frequencies.  When  somebody’s  mental  state changes  from  alert  to  somnolence,  low  amplitude  and  high frequency  brain  waves  turn  into  high  amplitude  and  low frequency [4]. 2. BINAURAL AUDIO Giuseppe  Tartini  discovered  combination  tones.  These  occur when  two  tones  are  heard  at  the  same  time  and  the  listener perceives  a  third  tone.  The  frequency  of  the  third  tone  is calculated  by  the  difference  between  the  first  two  tones,  as shown in equation 1.                               (∆   ) [8]                      (1)  The superior olivary  complex  integrates  the  phase differences, which  makes  possible  the  perception  of  the  third  tone.  For example, if the left ear  hears a  400Hz tone and  the  right ear  a 410Hz  tone,  the  listener  will  perceive  a  10Hz  tone  [9]. This third tone is also known as binaural frequency.    The  binaural  frequency  is  directed  from  the  superior  olivary complex to the reticular formation and the brain cortex, where the  electroencephalogram  can  read  its  effect.  The  Frequency Following  Response  (FFR)  phenomenon  happens  when  the frequency  read  by  the  encephalogram  is  equal  to  the combination tone frequency.  When this happens, the frequency resonates  in  the  brain  stimulating  the  reticular  formation inducing  different psychological  states.  Brainwave bands  and psychological consequences are shown in Table 1 [16].        Table 1: Brainwave Frequencies and Psychological Consequences  Brainwaves Frequency (Hz) Amplitude (μV) Mental StateDelta 0.1 - 3 20-200  Consciousness is  lost,  sleep without dreams Theta 4 - 7 20-100  REM  Sleep, meditation, and Creativity Alpha 8 - 12 20-60  Conscious Relaxation Beta 13 - 40 2-20  Concentration, Alert,  and cognition (High  levels are  associated with anxiety)  It  has  been  proved  that  delta  sound  waves in  binaural  audio therapy  have  anxiolytic  effects  on  patients  with  pre-surgery anxiety [7].  Theta  binaural  sound  waves  are also  helpful with relaxation and anxiety reduction [11]. According  to  the results  presented  by  the company  Regus, in Mexico,  75%  of  employed  people  suffer  from  stress  and anxiety. These cause social,  health,  and  economic problems  at the same  time that productivity decreases [5]. According to  the Mexican  National  Labor  Organization,  stress  means  that  the GDP decreases from 0.5 to 3.5%.  Stress  leads  to  anxiety,  irritability,  fear,  depression,  suicidal thoughts, and  lack of concentration. Some other symptoms  are headaches,  nausea,  dizziness,  muscular  tension, insomnia,  and tachycardia  [6].  There  are  different  techniques  to  induce relaxation  like  meditation.  New  relaxation  techniques  with binaural audio have been developed through Neurosciences. 3. OBJECTIVES •  Evaluate  and  analyze  binaural  audio  therapy  effects (Theta frequencies) on people that suffer anxiety and stress (Students at ITESM), in order to induce relaxation and reduce anxiety. •  Determine if  the  binaural  therapy  induced  relaxation  in  the experimental group and  compare  the results  to those  from the control group.  • Through the STAI test and the electroencephalogram results, determine which stimulus is more efficient. 4. HYPOTHESIS Hi:  Frequency  Following  Response  phenomenon  will  take place, as Delta and Theta bands will share frequencies with the combination tones.  Hi: Beta brainwaves will show up when the stimulus begins, as they are related to concentration and alertness.  5. EXPERIMENT Twenty  participants  were randomly  divided  into  two  groups, control and  experimental. The first group listened  to  sounds of 

Thanks for the coupons, I had originally looked into these cd’s after my doctor recommended them, but my mom wound up buying them for me for Christmas (she didn’t know about the coupons I had!) Anyway just listened to Equisync II today for the first time, I was in such a state as to where I didn’t know if I’d fallen asleep or not! I hadn’t but was in such an amazing place.
Are you tired of being stressed out day in and day out? The New York Hypnosis Center can help you manage stress with the healing powers of hypnosis. Unmanaged stress can have negative effects on our physical and emotional being. At The NY Hypnosis Center we are dedicated to helping you achieve personal growth through self discovery. Overcome your stress today with the New York Hypnosis Center. Learn more about our hypnosis techniques at www.nyhypnosis.net. The New York Hypnosis Center…
It’s the one thing that you actually have the power to change. There may not be a cure or a reliable way to reduce the volume, but you can change your emotional reaction to the sound and dramatically improve your quality of life. The Tinnitus Relief Project is an album of brainwave training audio tracks created to accompany the Rewiring Tinnitus book. 
No list is complete without exercise. Throughout our lives, exercise is critical for helping us maintain healthy bones, a trim figure, and balanced hormones. During menopause, many women gain weight. This is attributed to fluctuating hormones causing food cravings, fatigue causing less activity, and the body not adapting to the hormones and new lifestyle patterns.
8. Painting your nails or doing a face mask. Sometimes, a little pampering can melt the stress away. Painting your nails takes a few minutes and the focus needed to do it can be a great distraction. Grabbing a good face mask to throw in your luggage to have handy for some relaxation doesn’t take much forethought and can go a long way at the end of a rough day. You’ll have a chance to breathe and may enjoy enjoy it.
Proceedings of the 9th Conference on Interdisciplinary Musicology – CIM14. Berlin, Germany 2014 http://catarina.udlap.mx/u_dl_a/tales/documentos/lps/gomez_g_j/capitulo_1.html [14] Universidad Complutense de Madrid. (2006). Proyecto de apoyo a la evaluación psicológica clínica. Retrieved from http://pendientedemigracion.ucm.es/info/psclinic/evaluacion/Proyecto Apoyo EPC 2006/INSTRUMENTOS EVALUACION/TRASTORNOS DE ANSIEDAD/EVALUACION GENERAL DE LOS TRASTORNOS DE ANSIEDAD/ESCALA DE ANSIEDAD ESTADORASGO (STAI)/STAI_P.pdf [15] Universidad Complutense de Madrid. (2006). Proyecto de apoyo a la evaluación psicológica clínica. Retrieved from http://pendientedemigracion.ucm.es/info/psclinic/evaluacion/Proyecto Apoyo EPC 2006/INSTRUMENTOS EVALUACION/TRASTORNOS DE ANSIEDAD/EVALUACION GENERAL DE LOS TRASTORNOS DE ANSIEDAD/ESCALA DE ANSIEDAD ESTADORASGO (STAI)/STAI_F.pdf [16] Hassan, H., Murat, Z., Ross, V., & Buniyamin, N. (2012). A Preliminary Study on the Effects of Music on Human Brainwaves. International Conference on Control, Automation and Information Sciences (ICCAIS) [17] Johnson, J., Petsche, H., Richter, P., Von Stein, A., & Fiilz, O. (1996). The Dependence of Coherence Estimates of Spontaneous EEG on Gender and Music Training. University of California Press. Annexes: https://www.mediafire.com/?cayel53iabg620d
Tennis, anyone? One of the best ways to fit exercise into your schedule is to round up friends and family and organize a game of football, basketball, or soccer — just three of many choices. You get a double dose of stress relief from participating in team sports: Not only are you having fun with loved ones, but you’re also working up a sweat and releasing endorphins. Exercising with friends or co-workers can also motivate you to push yourself a little harder in order to stay competitive.
Without the additional cortisol in your system, your body can let go of excess stored fats and let you lose weight that may be causing heart problems and liver problems. This exercise also helps clear out your lymphatic system from toxins and waste and increases the oxygen flow within yourself. Both of these will give you more energy and boost your immune system.
In a 2016 interview, organoid pioneer Madeline Lancaster at the Medical Research Council  Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge, England said of her 3D  brain tissue structures, “Just to be clear, they are not really human  brains.” At the time, she was able to recall 16 labs around the world  who had adopted her technique. But did she foresee that a year later, other labs would be injecting them into mouse brains? If neural networks  are at the root of consciousness and if we don’t fully understand how consciousness arises because of them, do we need to consider the ethical implications of producing brain organoids, which are becoming better and better at forming functional connections? The president of the Allen Institute for Brain Science in Seattle, Christof  Koch, has concerns, saying in an interview last year “We are entering totally new ground here. . . the science is advancing so rapidly, the ethics can’t keep up.”
For many of us, relaxation means zoning out in front of the TV at the end of a stressful day. But this does little to reduce the damaging effects of stress. To effectively combat stress, we need to activate the body’s natural relaxation response. You can do this by practicing relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, rhythmic exercise, and yoga. Fitting these activities into your life can help reduce everyday stress, boost your energy and mood, and improve your mental and physical health.
Pilates, a series of controlled movements and mat exercises named after their creator, Joseph Pilates, is designed to build your strength, flexibility, and endurance — all of which make practicing Pilates, an anaerobic (as opposed to aerobic) exercise, a great stress reliever. Pilates also tones your body, which in turn helps you look good and feel better, Plante says. You can take classes at a Pilates studio or at a gym, or use DVDs and home equipment if you prefer to practice on your own.

Experts haven't figured out why having your body pressed and prodded works wonders, but they know that it does. Studies suggest massage can speed up weight gain in premature babies, improve lung function in asthmatics and boost immunity in men with HIV. If you can't indulge in regular full-body massages, treat yourself to the occasional pedicure, manicure or facial—all nurturing, hands-on treats that offer some of the mind-body benefits of massage. 


Need a quick breather? Stressed to the max but haven’t got time to meditate? Then this 10 minute brainwave entrainment is the one for you! You will hear the gentle waves of the beach and sea gulls calling out, but underneath is a short 10 Hz relaxation session, ideal for stress relief or as a quick break from daily worries. Can be used with headphones or speakers.
Working out is one of the most effective stress relievers. Researchers recently found that after spending 30 minutes on a treadmill, their subjects scored 25 percent lower on tests that measure anxiety and showed favorable changes in brain activity. If you only have time to do one thing for yourself, make it sticking to your workout routines. If you can't hit the gym or trails, even a brisk 30-minute walk at lunch or getting up several times a day to stretch and walk around will help relieve stress.

With the professional team at The Chicago Stress Relief Center, Inc. (CSRC) you find a variety of natural ways to transform the stress that binds you. We encourage each person to consider a consultation with a member of our team to better understand their specific relationship to STRESS and it’s impact on one’s body and on one’s life. After a thorough evaluation, an individualized approach is developed with the goal of assisting you to achieve your personal wellness vision. Our holistic philosophy aims at empowering you to calm the often chaotic forces that can hijack the mind and negatively impact the body. By developing a new relationship with stress, our strategy helps you find your passionate purpose as you develop a healthier balance and greater personal satisfaction. About us
John and Doug discuss how to be a better you - how you should always be available to what you can learn. You have to show up to whatever you experience and do the best you can do in that moment. For John, his daily practice helped improve 30% in spirituality, in health, and in mental intelligence. A person can become a champion as they continue to practice. Discipline and motivation increases - it becomes deeper. When you learn about practice, you can accomplish way beyond what you thought … [Read more...]
In physics, entrainment is the process of two oscillating systems coming to assume the same periodic rhythm, such as is observed when two clocks slowly synchronize their ticking and tick together in harmony after some time. Pendulums also achieve this same synchronicity when swinging in close proximity to one another, a phenomenon first observed and written about in 1665 by Christiaan Huygens, a Dutch scientist.
I was diagnosed with “acute high anxiety, major clinical depression,and ptsd” 16 years ago. I have clinically addressed these disorders with a number of medications, which none have helped. I am so lucky I have found this simple easy to practice method of practice, that I have found these beats and tones so essential that I indoctrinated them into my daily life, and have come to the realization, that someday very soon I will awake and will not suffer from these burdens these disorders ever again.
Biofeedback enhancement: In 1981, researcher Arturo Manns discovered that 15 minutes of stimulation with isochronic tones enhanced biofeedback protocols for bruxism (grinding of teeth). They did this by increasing muscle relaxation superior than standalone biofeedback. Brainwave entrainment is different from biofeedback in that it does not allow the person to consciously control their brainwave state.
Deep relaxation is a major benefit resulting from the brain’s cortical frequency following response. By selecting the desired rate the brain, via the frequency following response, will tend to mimic the rate it is exposed to and thus enter that brainwave state. This helps to explain why this technology can produce benefits commonly found with meditation. One of the most valuable benefits of consistent  brainwave entrainment is that we are able to experience and recognize the various states of consciousness. With practice we can learn how to re-create these states.
* Supports iOS 5.0 and higher * Thanks for making Brain Wave the Top Selling Brainwave Entrainment app 4 years! This update includes improvements to our last major update, which included a ton of new features, including the ability to use your iTunes Music as the background and Alarm Audio, support for running another audio app simultaneously, such as a web or ebook reader, and UI updates for iOS 7.
When the player meets Anabel and Looker, the pair recruit the player to the UB Task Force. Although one of the task force's duties is to either safeguard or destroy the Ultra Beasts, neither Anabel nor Looker wishes to harm them, so they need the help of the new Champion of Alola. Anabel will also battle the player to ensure that they are up to the job.
Daniel Boone, in Kentucky, made his fortune trading ginseng, although he is remembered as a fur trader. It is reported in a book called Woodland Nuggets of Gold that George Washington wrote to Boone, "The war effort needs money, bring ginseng." American ginseng helped support the revolutionary war effort, and the most valuable cargo to leave New York by ship in that time period was in the Empress of China, which was carrying American ginseng to the Orient.

The reported PMS symptoms that improved included: affective lability, anxiety, appetite changes, bloating, breast tenderness, concentration difficulties, depression, fatigue, and irritability. Researchers noted that there was a clear “trend” toward a reduction in social withdrawal as a result of symptoms as well. A total of 49/50 women reported improvements.
So if you are interested in using brainwave entrainment music in your own recording, do so with the knowledge that it can only help to improve the quality of your work. But please don’t feel as though your recordings will be insufficient without it (some people do worry about this - unnecessarily). My advice is that if you ever find yourself in a situation where the music you love the most is not available with brainwave entrainment frequencies, don’t ignore your intuition and discard that music. When you find that piece of music that brings your recording to life, go with it whether it has brainwave entrainment frequencies or not. The quality and feel of the music itself are the most important factors.
However, black cohosh does come with some warnings. It should not be taken by women who are pregnant or breastfeeding. Women with estrogen-induced breast cancer or the risk of breast cancer, and those with liver issues, should not take black cohosh, as it has been found in some, but not all studies to exacerbate problems with breast cancer and liver disease.
“Brainwave entrainment has powerful benefits, that's clear. But most brainwave entrainment CDs tend to be non-specific, across the board. What if you want to achieve one particular state, 'cos that's what you need right now? That's possible with these Brain Salon sessions! You want to chill out, get ideas, go to sleep, feel energized or happy, or get 100% mentally switched-on - just listen to the session and you've got it! You 'get the hang' of these states too, so after enough practice you don't even need the brainwave entrainment CDs to control your own mind. It's worked for me, and I'm sure will do the same for you too.”
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